LEGAL CONSIDERATIONS OF GLOBAL TRADE IN GREEN HYDROGEN AND POWER-TO-X
The harmonisation of the legal framework highly depends on the national legislators and their collaboration.
First of all, an agreement at the political level on the understanding of the term “green hydrogen” and on the choice of instruments for certification and creditability is crucial.
Second, multilateral negotiations on an international level are necessary.
Finally, bilateral partnerships and multilateral negotiations on issues of international trade in hydrogen should be initiated by the PtX partner countries, especially with regard to the integration of several of the SDG criteria: transparency, sustainability, efficiency, and inclusiveness.
This entails ensuring alignment and consistency in the definitions, certification schemes, and import tariffs for hydrogen and its derivatives.